Parajubaea torallyi var. torallyi
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Palma del janchicoco or singly "coco".
It only grows in central Bolivia where it is endemic, in two aisled interandean valleys "palmar" and "palmarcito" of approx. 14 kmts. diameter and others smaller, both at approx. 2500 mts. above sea level, where it grows protected from winds in a big hole and slopes with a special microclimate. It is the only large plant that grows in the area.
Even if the area where it grows is protected, the species is every day most endangered, mostly by locals that extract the seed endosperms that are edible and sold in markets of the nearly cities and towns.
Is a monster palm, similar to Jubaea in diameter of the massive trunk. Leaves are larger and green. Fruits and seeds are considerably bigger. A bear that just lived in the Andes was very important in the spread of the species. This bear is nearly extinct in the area today.
A impressive palm rarely seen, just a few of this palms grow in cultivation near to its habitat, most in public parks. Many trials of transplanting near to its habitat have failed.
Rare in cultivation is indicated for cool, cold and specialy dry places. Cold and drought tolerant. Fast growth palm that slows its growth speed in warmest days of summer. Seeds germinate, after presoak, erraticaly from 4 months to some years. Seedlings are robust of entire leaves and grow quickly after its first pinnate leaf. The palms like rich soil (humus), good drainage and well watered for good growth speed. Some cultivated palms in clay produce smaller fruits and seeds.
Gaston Torres Vera,
Cordoba, Argentina (Images copyright Argentina Palms)
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