Acrocomia totai

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Figure 1. A. totai in habitat


Common Names:

"mbocaya" from the Guaranies Indians,
"coco" or "corozo" from Brazil (refers to all Acrocomias


Present in sandy soils of lowlands (pampas) of the north of Argentina. In some areas is found alongside Butias , [[ romanzoffiana , [[ campestris , [[ leucocalyx , and Euterpes .


Not endangered palm, the most notable characteristic is the large black spines on the trunk that are lost as the plant ages. These also present on the petioles and rachis. Fruit are edible, round, and yellow to orange when mature.Seeds are black, round and very hard.

There are variations (ecotypes) within the type in the height, size, quantities of spines, leaves and forms of the trunk.


The seeds take about a year to germinate and the plants are fast growers if given enough water. Is the most cold resistent of all Acrocomias , tolerating frost without damage.

Figure 2. A. totai with fruit inTrinidad, Itapua, in the south of Paraguay, not so far from the river Parana.

Contributed by:

Gaston Torres Vera,
Cordoba, Argentina (Figure 1 (copyright Argentina Palms))
Dieter Oberlaender,
Acrocomia Solutions,
(Figure 2)

External Links:

Kew, PalmWeb, JSTOR, Trebrown

Google, Google Images, Flickr, PACSOA Forums, PalmTalk