Difference between revisions of "Linospadix minor"

From Pacsoa
Jump to: navigation, search
m (1 revision)
 
Line 1: Line 1:
 
 
{{HelpWanted}}
 
{{HelpWanted}}
[[File:Linospadix_minor.jpg|right|frame|Josephine Falls National Park, North Queensland.]]
+
[[File:Linospadix_minor.jpg|right|frame|Figure 1. Figure 1. L. minor in the rainforest margin<br>at Josephine Falls National Park, North Queensland.]]
 
===Synonymy:===
 
===Synonymy:===
 
''Bacularia intermedia'' C.T. White
 
''Bacularia intermedia'' C.T. White
Line 10: Line 9:
 
Mcllwraith Range where it has limited
 
Mcllwraith Range where it has limited
 
distribution, and abundantly from just south
 
distribution, and abundantly from just south
of Cooktown (Mt. Amos area} to Mlssion
+
of Cooktown (Mt. Amos area} to Mission
 
Beach (Licuala State Forest) and as far
 
Beach (Licuala State Forest) and as far
 
inland as Windsor Tableland, from 0-1200 m
 
inland as Windsor Tableland, from 0-1200 m
Line 35: Line 34:
 
prominent on lower surface; lamina
 
prominent on lower surface; lamina
 
chartaceous, irregularly corrugated, when
 
chartaceous, irregularly corrugated, when
backlit under 10x magni~cation, has scattered,
+
backlit under 10x magnification, has scattered,
 
circular clear 'cells' to 0. 1 mm wide
 
circular clear 'cells' to 0. 1 mm wide
 
linearly parallel to midrib and veins.
 
linearly parallel to midrib and veins.
Line 59: Line 58:
 
Conversely, flowers and fruit display little
 
Conversely, flowers and fruit display little
 
variation throughout the species' range.
 
variation throughout the species' range.
 +
 
''Linospadix minor'' - as ''Areca minor'' - was
 
''Linospadix minor'' - as ''Areca minor'' - was
 
described by Walter Hill in 1864 from
 
described by Walter Hill in 1864 from
 
plants collected in the foothills of Mt.
 
plants collected in the foothills of Mt.
 
Bellenden-Ker, Queensland.
 
Bellenden-Ker, Queensland.
[[File:Linospadix_minor02.jpg|left|frame|Daintree Rainforest, North Queensland.]]
+
 
 +
[[File:Linospadix_minor02.jpg|left|frame|Figure 2. ''L. minor'' in habitat, Daintree Rainforest, North Queensland.]]
 
[[File:Linospadix_minor03.jpg|right|frame|Figure 3. ''L. minor'']]
 
[[File:Linospadix_minor03.jpg|right|frame|Figure 3. ''L. minor'']]
 +
[[File:L.minor_unripe_fruit.jpg|left|frame|Figure 4. ''L. minor'' unripe fruit]]
 +
 
<br clear=all>
 
<br clear=all>
 
===Contributed by: ===
 
===Contributed by: ===
John Dowe (Text - from '''''Palms & Cycads''''' No. 58, Jan-Mar 1998).<br>
+
John Dowe (Text - from '''Palms & Cycads''' No. 58, Jan-Mar 1998).<br>
No. 48, Jul-Sept 1995).
+
Greg Cuffe (Figure 1 - from '''Palms & Cycads''' No. 48, Jul-Sept 1995).<br>
'''Permaculture Plants''' (Figures 2&3).
+
Jeff Nugent - '''[http://www.permacultureplants.net/ Permaculture Plants]''' (Figures 2&3).<br>
 +
Ian Edwards (Figure 4)
 +
 
 
<!--===Gallery: ===
 
<!--===Gallery: ===
 
<gallery perrow="4" widths="200px" heights="200px">
 
<gallery perrow="4" widths="200px" heights="200px">

Latest revision as of 05:36, 22 March 2014

Welcome to the PACSOA Palms and Cycads wiki !

If you have any information about this plant, please help by updating this article. Once you are registered you can contribute, change, or correct the text, and even add photos on this page. Click on the edit tab above and play around. Any mistake can be easily corrected, so don't be afraid.

Figure 1. Figure 1. L. minor in the rainforest margin
at Josephine Falls National Park, North Queensland.

Contents

Synonymy:

Bacularia intermedia C.T. White

Distribution: :

Australia. North-east Queensland. Recorded from the southern Mcllwraith Range where it has limited distribution, and abundantly from just south of Cooktown (Mt. Amos area} to Mission Beach (Licuala State Forest) and as far inland as Windsor Tableland, from 0-1200 m elevation, in rainforest on basalt, granite and metamorphics.

Derivation of name:

Latin, minor- small. Named for its smaller stature as compared to L. monostachya, the only other species known at the time of its description.

Description:

Clustering, small palm. Stems 1-5 m tall, 7-20 mm diameter; internodes elongate, green; crown with 7-12 leaves. Leaves to 110 cm long, irregularly segmented with united pinnae, segments broadly adnate to the rachis, or regularly pinnate with narrow pinnae; petiole 3.6-51 cm long, 1-4 mm wide; pinnae 3-24 per leaf, semi-glossy dark green above, lighter green below, midrib prominent on both surfaces, veins not prominent on lower surface; lamina chartaceous, irregularly corrugated, when backlit under 10x magnification, has scattered, circular clear 'cells' to 0. 1 mm wide linearly parallel to midrib and veins. Inflorescence to 80 cm long. Staminate flowers bullet-shaped in bud, to 3 mm long by 2 mm wide; petals apically rounded, with conspicuous longitudinal striations, green at anthesis, not widely opening; stamens 7-20, attached at different levels in the staminal cluster; connective not extending beyond the anther; anther lobes irregular or uneven. Fruit elongate/cylindrical, 8-18 mm long by 3-8 mm diameter, yellow or red at maturity, epicarp irregularly rugose when fruit is fully mature. Seed elongate/ellipsoid.


Linospadix minor is the most vegetatively variable species in the genus. Plants may be less an 1m to more than 4m tall, sparsely or densely clustered, and leaves may be small to large with few to many segments. Conversely, flowers and fruit display little variation throughout the species' range.

Linospadix minor - as Areca minor - was described by Walter Hill in 1864 from plants collected in the foothills of Mt. Bellenden-Ker, Queensland.

Figure 2. L. minor in habitat, Daintree Rainforest, North Queensland.
Figure 3. L. minor
Figure 4. L. minor unripe fruit


Contributed by:

John Dowe (Text - from Palms & Cycads No. 58, Jan-Mar 1998).
Greg Cuffe (Figure 1 - from Palms & Cycads No. 48, Jul-Sept 1995).
Jeff Nugent - Permaculture Plants (Figures 2&3).
Ian Edwards (Figure 4)


External Links:

Kew, PalmWeb, eMonocot, JSTOR, Trebrown, ATRP

Google, Google Images, Flickr, PACSOA Forums, PalmTalk