Difference between revisions of "Cycad Potting Mixes"

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===Cycad Potting Mixes===
 
===Cycad Potting Mixes===
 
 
These potting mixes came from a couple of postings to the cycad list
 
These potting mixes came from a couple of postings to the cycad list
 
(cycad@onelist.com) in late August, 1999.
 
(cycad@onelist.com) in late August, 1999.
Line 10: Line 8:
 
My basic mix is;
 
My basic mix is;
  
1 part pumice
+
1 part pumice <br>
1 part Peat moss
+
1 part Peat moss <br>
1 part fir bark
+
1 part fir bark <br>
1 part sand
+
1 part sand <br>
1 part black compost
+
1 part black compost <br>
  
 
I am in a Cactus and Succulent Society, and we order pumice by the pallet for
 
I am in a Cactus and Succulent Society, and we order pumice by the pallet for
Line 34: Line 32:
 
what I consider "xeric" for pot conditions in Texas are:
 
what I consider "xeric" for pot conditions in Texas are:
  
''Dioon caputoi''
+
''Dioon caputoi'',
''Encephalartos lehmannii''
+
''Encephalartos lehmannii'',
''E. trispinosus''
+
''E. trispinosus'',
 
''Macrozamia macdonnellii''
 
''Macrozamia macdonnellii''
  
and probably some others. I'm still experimenting. As you probably know, we
+
and probably some others. I'm still experimenting. We
sometimes get a lot of rain, and sometimes not! I hate to move plants under
+
sometimes get a lot of rain, and sometimes not. I hate to move plants under
 
cover because of rain, but I also hate to see cycads rot. Moving them in from
 
cover because of rain, but I also hate to see cycads rot. Moving them in from
 
the cold is bad enough! The soil mix seems to be the trick.
 
the cold is bad enough! The soil mix seems to be the trick.
Line 47: Line 45:
  
 
===Cycad growth mediums, a collection. ===
 
===Cycad growth mediums, a collection. ===
 
 
Have collected this list over the years from letters or publications. Name
 
Have collected this list over the years from letters or publications. Name
 
reflects source. And, also have a list of mixes I have tried. My personal
 
reflects source. And, also have a list of mixes I have tried. My personal
 
list is up to 17 plus.
 
list is up to 17 plus.
 +
  
 
'''Univ of Florida Soil Mix'''
 
'''Univ of Florida Soil Mix'''
  
1 coarse sand
+
1 coarse sand <br>
1 small pine bark
+
1 small pine bark <br>
1 peat
+
1 peat <br>
 +
 
  
 
'''Univ of Florida Soil mix variants'''
 
'''Univ of Florida Soil mix variants'''
  
1 coarse sand #12
+
1 coarse sand #12 <br>
1 orchard bark
+
1 orchard bark <br>
1 pumice
+
1 pumice <br>
 +
 
 +
 
 +
1 coarse sand #12 <br>
 +
1 Canadian peat moss <br>
 +
1 pumice <br>
  
1 coarse sand #12
 
1 Canadian peat moss
 
1 pumice
 
  
 
'''Guy Winkler Mix'''
 
'''Guy Winkler Mix'''
  
3 sand (#12)
+
3 sand (#12) <br>
3 peat (coarse)
+
3 peat (coarse) <br>
2 pumice (or purlite)
+
2 pumice (or perlite) <br>
 +
 
  
 
'''Old Tom Broom'''
 
'''Old Tom Broom'''
  
2 sand
+
2 sand <br>
1 Florida peat
+
1 Florida peat <br>
1 Pine bark
+
1 Pine bark <br>
 +
 
  
 
'''New Tom Broom'''
 
'''New Tom Broom'''
  
3 coarse sand#12
+
3 coarse sand #12 <br>
4 Canadian peat
+
4 Canadian peat <br>
2 saw dust
+
2 saw dust <br>
1  perlite
+
1  perlite <br>
 +
 
  
 
'''Danie Nels South Fla'''
 
'''Danie Nels South Fla'''
  
1 bark
+
1 bark <br>
1 chicken manure
+
1 chicken manure <br>
1 soil
+
1 soil <br>
 +
 
  
 
'''Grant Gittleson Mix '''
 
'''Grant Gittleson Mix '''
  
3 potting soil
+
3 potting soil <br>
1  river sand
+
1  river sand <br>
1  peat
+
1  peat <br>
 +
 
  
 
'''Time-life Cycad Mix 1975'''
 
'''Time-life Cycad Mix 1975'''
  
1 loam
+
1 loam <br>
1 peat
+
1 peat <br>
1 coarse sand
+
1 coarse sand <br>
 
1 lime stone (1 tbs/gallon)
 
1 lime stone (1 tbs/gallon)
 +
  
 
'''Willie Tang Mix''' and
 
'''Willie Tang Mix''' and
 
'''Whitlocke Mix'''
 
'''Whitlocke Mix'''
  
1 coarse sand
+
1 coarse sand <br>
1 orchard bark (small)
+
1 orchard bark (small) <br>
1 Canadian peat moss
+
1 Canadian peat moss <br>
1 pumice (1/8 to 1/4) or perlite
+
1 pumice (1/8 to 1/4) or perlite <br>
 +
 
  
 
'''Dick Johnson Calif Mix'''
 
'''Dick Johnson Calif Mix'''
  
1 coarse sand (#12)
+
1 coarse sand (#12) <br>
1 supersoil (organic commercial mix)
+
1 supersoil (organic commercial mix) <br>
1 pumice
+
1 pumice <br>
1 peat
+
1 peat <br>
 
dolomite (? amount)
 
dolomite (? amount)
 +
  
 
'''Steven Avooski Calif Mix'''
 
'''Steven Avooski Calif Mix'''
  
1 coarse sand
+
1 coarse sand <br>
1 orchard bark, small
+
1 orchard bark, small <br>
1 Canadian peat, coarse
+
1 Canadian peat, coarse <br>
1 pumice (1/8 to 1/4)
+
1 pumice (1/8 to 1/4) <br>
 
1 commercial cactus mix
 
1 commercial cactus mix
 +
  
 
'''Kurt Decker Mix'''
 
'''Kurt Decker Mix'''
  
3 coarse sand
+
3 coarse sand <br>
4 Canadian peat
+
4 Canadian peat <br>
2 saw dust
+
2 saw dust <br>
1 perlite
+
1 perlite <br>
 +
 
  
 
'''Sara Crull Mix, Arizona'''
 
'''Sara Crull Mix, Arizona'''
  
1 potting soil (commercial)
+
1 potting soil (commercial) <br>
1 sphagnum moss
+
1 sphagnum moss <br>
1 perlite
+
1 perlite <br>
1 sterilized manure
+
1 sterilized manure <br>
 +
 
  
 
'''Bijan Dehgans U of Fl Mix'''
 
'''Bijan Dehgans U of Fl Mix'''
  
1 Metromix (soiless mix)
+
1 Metromix (soiless mix) <br>
1 sharp sand
+
1 sharp sand <br>
1 perlite
+
1 perlite <br>
1 pine bark
+
1 pine bark <br>
dolomite (5lbs/yard)
+
dolomite (5lbs/yard) <br>
perk micronutienst (3lbs/yard)
+
perk micronutienst (3lbs/yard) <br>
  
 
'''Shri Dhar mix'''
 
'''Shri Dhar mix'''
  
1 leaf mold
+
1 leaf mold <br>
1 cow dung manure
+
1 cow dung manure <br>
1 coarse sand
+
1 coarse sand <br>
1 alluvial soil (river bank wash coarse sand)
+
1 alluvial soil (river bank wash coarse sand) <br>
bone meal ? amount
+
bone meal ? amount <br>
 +
 
  
 
'''Severn Doughty Mix'''
 
'''Severn Doughty Mix'''
  
7 pine bark mulch
+
7 pine bark mulch <br>
7 pro mix (commercial potting mix)
+
7 pro mix (commercial potting mix) <br>
3 isolite (fire diatomaceous ceramic 1mm x 2-3mm)
+
3 isolite (fire diatomaceous ceramic 1mm x 2-3mm) <br>
7 hardite (fire clay 3 - 5 mm)
+
7 hardite (fire clay 3 - 5 mm) <br>
Plus following per gallon of mix
+
Plus following per gallon of mix <br>
Peters Fritted Trace Elements (1.25cc)
+
Peters Fritted Trace Elements (1.25cc) <br>
Potassium Sulphate (,63 cc)
+
Potassium Sulphate (,63 cc) <br>
Iron sulphate (3.75cc)
+
Iron sulphate (3.75cc) <br>
steamed bone meal 90cc
+
steamed bone meal 90cc <br>
dolomite lime 90 cc
+
dolomite lime 90 cc <br>
 +
 
  
 
'''Dirk Crous Mix'''
 
'''Dirk Crous Mix'''
  
1 soil
+
1 soil <br>
2 coarse sand
+
2 coarse sand <br>
2 compost
+
2 compost <br>
handful of superphosphate
+
handful of superphosphate <br>
2 tbs bone meal
+
2 tbs bone meal <br>
 +
 
  
 
''' Rolando Mexican Mix'''
 
''' Rolando Mexican Mix'''
  
3.5 common soil (no clay)
+
3.5 common soil (no clay) <br>
2.0 peat moss
+
2.0 peat moss <br>
1.0 dried leaves
+
1.0 dried leaves <br>
1.0 cow manure
+
1.0 cow manure <br>
1.0 dried hemp
+
1.0 dried hemp <br>
0.5 saw dust
+
0.5 saw dust <br>
 +
 
  
 
'''Bob Jordan Mix'''
 
'''Bob Jordan Mix'''
  
4.0 sand (2.0 coarse, 2.0 fine)
+
4.0 sand (2.0 coarse, 2.0 fine) <br>
3.0 peat
+
3.0 peat <br>
2.0 orchard bark
+
2.0 orchard bark <br>
2.0 scoria (volcanic red rock)
+
2.0 scoria (volcanic red rock) <br>
 
? amount 6-2-4 Bandini Pro choice
 
? amount 6-2-4 Bandini Pro choice
 +
  
 
'''Attack Quak Mix 16C'''
 
'''Attack Quak Mix 16C'''
  
2 field dirt
+
2 field dirt <br>
1 12 to 20 aggregate sand
+
1 12 to 20 aggregate sand <br>
1 wood shavings and sawdust (local cabinet shop)
+
1 wood shavings and sawdust (local cabinet shop) <br>
2 Canadian peat
+
2 Canadian peat <br>
1 pine bark mulch ( or small nuggets)
+
1 pine bark mulch ( or small nuggets) <br>
1 perlite
+
1 perlite <br>
charcoal ( 14 briquettes smashed up with hammer)
+
charcoal ( 14 briquettes smashed up with hammer) <br>
  
 
<br clear=all>
 
<br clear=all>
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<!--===Gallery: ===
 
<!--===Gallery: ===
 
<gallery perrow="4" widths="200px" heights="200px">
 
<gallery perrow="4" widths="200px" heights="200px">
 +
File:Filename.jpg|Caption
 
</gallery>-->
 
</gallery>-->
{{:Articles_Cycad_Potting_Mixes_Links}}
+
===External Links:===
[[Category:Articles|Cycad Potting Mixes]]
+
{{Article_Links|Cycad+Potting+Mixes}}
 +
 
 +
[[Category:Cycad_Articles|Potting Mixes]]
 +
[[Category:Beginners|Cycad Potting Mixes]]

Latest revision as of 00:14, 1 December 2013

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Contents

Cycad Potting Mixes

These potting mixes came from a couple of postings to the cycad list (cycad@onelist.com) in late August, 1999.

From Craig Nazor:

My basic mix is;

1 part pumice
1 part Peat moss
1 part fir bark
1 part sand
1 part black compost

I am in a Cactus and Succulent Society, and we order pumice by the pallet for members at a considerably reduced price. I get the largest size (silica) blasting sand from a sand blasting supply house -it's cheap, clean, and well screened for size.

If it is a more xeric species particularly susceptible to rot, I double the pumice and leave out the peat moss. I also add some (a handful or so) decomposed granite, some limestone, and some green sand.

The fir bark adds structure and decomposes over time. This helps provide a longer period between repottings.

(In response to a query of which species he considered xeric)

Of those Cycads I've had experience with (which certainly isn't all of them), what I consider "xeric" for pot conditions in Texas are:

Dioon caputoi, Encephalartos lehmannii, E. trispinosus, Macrozamia macdonnellii

and probably some others. I'm still experimenting. We sometimes get a lot of rain, and sometimes not. I hate to move plants under cover because of rain, but I also hate to see cycads rot. Moving them in from the cold is bad enough! The soil mix seems to be the trick.

Craig Nazor

Cycad growth mediums, a collection.

Have collected this list over the years from letters or publications. Name reflects source. And, also have a list of mixes I have tried. My personal list is up to 17 plus.


Univ of Florida Soil Mix

1 coarse sand
1 small pine bark
1 peat


Univ of Florida Soil mix variants

1 coarse sand #12
1 orchard bark
1 pumice


1 coarse sand #12
1 Canadian peat moss
1 pumice


Guy Winkler Mix

3 sand (#12)
3 peat (coarse)
2 pumice (or perlite)


Old Tom Broom

2 sand
1 Florida peat
1 Pine bark


New Tom Broom

3 coarse sand #12
4 Canadian peat
2 saw dust
1 perlite


Danie Nels South Fla

1 bark
1 chicken manure
1 soil


Grant Gittleson Mix

3 potting soil
1 river sand
1 peat


Time-life Cycad Mix 1975

1 loam
1 peat
1 coarse sand
1 lime stone (1 tbs/gallon)


Willie Tang Mix and Whitlocke Mix

1 coarse sand
1 orchard bark (small)
1 Canadian peat moss
1 pumice (1/8 to 1/4) or perlite


Dick Johnson Calif Mix

1 coarse sand (#12)
1 supersoil (organic commercial mix)
1 pumice
1 peat
dolomite (? amount)


Steven Avooski Calif Mix

1 coarse sand
1 orchard bark, small
1 Canadian peat, coarse
1 pumice (1/8 to 1/4)
1 commercial cactus mix


Kurt Decker Mix

3 coarse sand
4 Canadian peat
2 saw dust
1 perlite


Sara Crull Mix, Arizona

1 potting soil (commercial)
1 sphagnum moss
1 perlite
1 sterilized manure


Bijan Dehgans U of Fl Mix

1 Metromix (soiless mix)
1 sharp sand
1 perlite
1 pine bark
dolomite (5lbs/yard)
perk micronutienst (3lbs/yard)

Shri Dhar mix

1 leaf mold
1 cow dung manure
1 coarse sand
1 alluvial soil (river bank wash coarse sand)
bone meal ? amount


Severn Doughty Mix

7 pine bark mulch
7 pro mix (commercial potting mix)
3 isolite (fire diatomaceous ceramic 1mm x 2-3mm)
7 hardite (fire clay 3 - 5 mm)
Plus following per gallon of mix
Peters Fritted Trace Elements (1.25cc)
Potassium Sulphate (,63 cc)
Iron sulphate (3.75cc)
steamed bone meal 90cc
dolomite lime 90 cc


Dirk Crous Mix

1 soil
2 coarse sand
2 compost
handful of superphosphate
2 tbs bone meal


Rolando Mexican Mix

3.5 common soil (no clay)
2.0 peat moss
1.0 dried leaves
1.0 cow manure
1.0 dried hemp
0.5 saw dust


Bob Jordan Mix

4.0 sand (2.0 coarse, 2.0 fine)
3.0 peat
2.0 orchard bark
2.0 scoria (volcanic red rock)
? amount 6-2-4 Bandini Pro choice


Attack Quak Mix 16C

2 field dirt
1 12 to 20 aggregate sand
1 wood shavings and sawdust (local cabinet shop)
2 Canadian peat
1 pine bark mulch ( or small nuggets)
1 perlite
charcoal ( 14 briquettes smashed up with hammer)


Contributed by:

Steven
There are also a couple of mix recipes for the epiphytic Zamia, Zamia pseudoparasitica on its page.

External Links:

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